PCB Surface Finishes & The Cleaning Process - A Compatibility Study
All PCBs that are manufactured require a surface finish to protect exposed copper on the surface which if left unprotected, can oxidize, rendering the board unusable.
As most PCBs designed for use in high reliability applications are cleaned or ‘washed’ in water-based cleaning systems, the effect of the cleaning solution on the surface finish is of great concern. Depending on the cleaning process employed, it is possible for stains to appear on the plating or in the worst case, for the plating to be completely stripped from the PCB rendering the applied surface finish useless.
This study was designed to investigate the effect of reflow and various cleaning agent types on ImSn, ImAg and ENIG surface finishes. Unpopulated ZESTRON® test vehicles, with the appropriate surface finish, were used for all trials. In a previous study by the authors, the OSP surface finish was analyzed for integrity within an water-based cleaning system and was therefore excluded from this study.
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